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There are various supplements available that can support overall health and well-being when used appropriately and in conjunction with a balanced diet and lifestyle. However, it's important to note that individual needs vary, and consulting with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen is advisable. Here are some common supplements often recommended for supporting health:

  • Multivitamins: Multivitamins contain a combination of essential vitamins and minerals that may help fill gaps in your diet, especially if you have dietary restrictions or don't consume enough nutrient-rich foods.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish oil supplements or algae-based supplements for vegetarians/vegans, are known for their heart health benefits and may also support brain function and reduce inflammation.
  • Vitamin D: Many people have insufficient levels of vitamin D, especially those who live in regions with limited sunlight or spend most of their time indoors. Vitamin D supplements can support bone health, immune function, and mood regulation.
  • Probiotics: Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can support gut health and digestion. They may help maintain a healthy balance of gut flora, improve immune function, and alleviate symptoms of digestive issues like bloating or diarrhea.
  • Calcium: Calcium supplements are important for maintaining strong bones and teeth. They are especially beneficial for individuals who may not consume enough calcium-rich foods, such as dairy products or leafy greens.
  • Magnesium: Magnesium is involved in hundreds of biochemical reactions in the body and plays a crucial role in muscle and nerve function, blood sugar regulation, and bone health. Magnesium supplements may help alleviate muscle cramps, improve sleep quality, and support overall well-being.
  • Iron: Iron is essential for the production of red blood cells and oxygen transport in the body. Iron supplements may be necessary for individuals with iron deficiency anemia or those at risk of deficiency, such as pregnant women or menstruating individuals.
  • B Vitamins: B vitamins, including B12, B6, and folate, are important for energy metabolism, nerve function, and DNA synthesis. Supplementing with B vitamins may be beneficial for individuals with certain medical conditions, dietary restrictions, or inadequate intake of these nutrients.
  • Antioxidants: Antioxidant supplements such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium may help neutralize free radicals in the body, reduce oxidative stress, and support overall cellular health.
  • Herbal Supplements: Certain herbal supplements, such as turmeric (curcumin), ginger, and echinacea, have been used for their potential health benefits, including anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting properties. However, it's important to use caution and consult with a healthcare professional before using herbal supplements, as they may interact with medications or have side effects.

Remember that supplements are meant to complement a healthy diet and lifestyle, not replace them. It's important to prioritize a balanced diet rich in whole foods, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains, and to address any specific health concerns or deficiencies under the guidance of a healthcare provider.

Major ones

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 levels in the body can be assessed through blood tests. The test measures the amount of vitamin B12 in your blood, usually in picograms per milliliter (pg/mL) or picomoles per liter (pmol/L), depending on the laboratory's reference range.

Normal vitamin B12 levels typically fall within the range of 200-900 pg/mL (148-665 pmol/L). However, the specific reference range may vary slightly between laboratories. Levels below this range may indicate a vitamin B12 deficiency.

Low vitamin B12 levels can lead to various health issues, including anemia, neurological problems, fatigue, weakness, and tingling or numbness in the extremities. Certain populations, such as older adults, vegetarians and vegans, and individuals with gastrointestinal disorders, are at a higher risk of vitamin B12 deficiency.

The recommended dosage of vitamin B12 supplements can vary depending on factors such as age, dietary intake, health status, and the presence of deficiency symptoms. Typical dosages range from 50 to 1000 micrograms (mcg) per day, although higher doses may be necessary for individuals with severe deficiencies or specific health conditions.

Vitamin B12 supplement 1000-1500mcg
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Vitamin D3

Vitamin D3, also known as cholecalciferol, is one of the two forms of vitamin D that are important for human health. It is synthesized in the skin when exposed to sunlight and is also found in some foods and supplements.

The typical reference range for vitamin D levels in the blood is measured in nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) or nanomoles per liter (nmol/L), and it can vary depending on the laboratory and the assay method used. However, general guidelines suggest the following ranges:

  • Deficient: < 20 ng/mL (< 50 nmol/L)
  • Insufficient: 20-29 ng/mL (50-74 nmol/L)
  • Adequate/Normal: 30-50 ng/mL (75-125 nmol/L)
  • Optimal: > 50 ng/mL (> 125 nmol/L)

Vitamin D3 plays several essential roles in the body, including:

  • Bone Health: Vitamin D3 helps regulate calcium and phosphorus absorption in the intestines, which is crucial for maintaining strong and healthy bones. Adequate vitamin D3 levels are necessary for preventing conditions like rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.
  • Immune Function: Vitamin D3 has been shown to modulate the immune system, helping to regulate immune responses and reduce inflammation. It may play a role in reducing the risk of autoimmune diseases and susceptibility to infections.
  • Muscle Function: Vitamin D3 is involved in muscle function and may help improve muscle strength and coordination. Deficiency in vitamin D3 has been linked to muscle weakness and increased risk of falls, especially in older adults.
  • Cardiovascular Health: Some research suggests that vitamin D3 may have cardiovascular benefits, including reducing the risk of hypertension, heart disease, and stroke. However, more studies are needed to fully understand the relationship between vitamin D3 and cardiovascular health.
  • Mood Regulation: Vitamin D3 receptors are present in areas of the brain involved in mood regulation, and deficiency has been linked to an increased risk of depression and seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Supplementing with vitamin D3 may help improve mood in individuals with low levels.
  • Cancer Prevention: There is evidence to suggest that adequate vitamin D3 levels may reduce the risk of certain types of cancer, including colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers. However, more research is needed to confirm these findings.

While vitamin D3 can be synthesized in the skin through exposure to sunlight, many people have insufficient levels, especially those who live in regions with limited sunlight, spend most of their time indoors, or have darker skin pigmentation. In such cases, supplementation with vitamin D3 may be necessary to maintain optimal levels.

It's important to note that excessive intake of vitamin D3 supplements can lead to toxicity, causing symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, weakness, and kidney problems. Therefore, it's essential to follow recommended dosage guidelines and consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplementation regimen, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications.

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Source: Dr. Nehls


Lithium is a naturally occurring mineral that has been studied for its potential health benefits, particularly in mental health. While lithium supplements are available, they are typically not recommended for general use due to the narrow therapeutic range of lithium and the potential for toxicity if not carefully monitored.

The therapeutic range of lithium in the blood is generally considered to be between 0.6 and 1.2 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L) or 0.5 and 1.2 milligrams per liter (mg/L).

Lithium is primarily known for its mood-stabilizing effects and is commonly prescribed as a medication for bipolar disorder. It can help reduce the frequency and severity of mood swings, stabilize mood, and prevent manic episodes in individuals with bipolar disorder.

However, lithium supplementation should only be undertaken under the supervision of a healthcare professional, typically a psychiatrist or other mental health specialist. This is because lithium levels in the blood need to be closely monitored to ensure they remain within a safe and effective range.

Excessive lithium levels can lead to lithium toxicity, which can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, confusion, and in severe cases, kidney and neurological problems. Therefore, using lithium supplements without medical supervision can be dangerous.

If you are considering lithium supplementation for any reason, it's essential to consult with a healthcare provider to discuss the potential risks and benefits, as well as to determine if it is appropriate for your individual needs. They can help monitor your lithium levels and adjust your dosage as needed to ensure your safety and well-being.

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Neuroinflammatory process: Li–Orotate monohydrat 128,5 mg (5 mg pure Lithium)
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Source: Dr. Nehls

Omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats that are crucial for optimal health. They are classified as polyunsaturated fats and are named “omega-3” because of the location of their double bonds in the chemical structure.

There are three main types of omega-3 fatty acids:

  1. Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA): This is found primarily in plant sources such as flaxseeds, chia seeds, hemp seeds, walnuts, and soybeans. ALA is considered an essential fatty acid because the body cannot produce it on its own and must obtain it from the diet.
  2. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA): EPA is found primarily in fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, sardines, and trout. It is also available in some algae-based supplements. EPA plays a role in reducing inflammation, supporting cardiovascular health, and promoting brain function.
  3. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA): DHA is also found in fatty fish and algae-based supplements. It is particularly important for brain health, cognitive function, and eye health. DHA is a major component of the brain and retina, and adequate intake is essential for optimal development and function.

Omega-3 fatty acids have numerous health benefits, including:

  1. Heart Health: Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering triglyceride levels, reducing inflammation, improving blood vessel function, and lowering blood pressure.
  2. Brain Health: DHA, in particular, is important for brain development in infants and children, and adequate intake has been associated with better cognitive function and a reduced risk of age-related cognitive decline and dementia in older adults.
  3. Eye Health: DHA is a major component of the retina, and adequate intake of omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration and maintain overall eye health.
  4. Inflammation: Omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties and may help reduce inflammation in the body, which is implicated in the development of chronic diseases such as heart disease, arthritis, and certain cancers.
  5. Mood and Mental Health: EPA and DHA may play a role in regulating mood and may help alleviate symptoms of depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders.

While omega-3 fatty acids offer many health benefits, it's important to consume them as part of a balanced diet rather than relying solely on supplements. Aim to include a variety of sources of omega-3 fatty acids in your diet, such as fatty fish, flaxseeds, chia seeds, walnuts, and soybeans, to ensure you get an adequate intake of all three types of omega-3s. If you're considering omega-3 supplements, consult with a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate dosage and form for your individual needs.

Omega-3 index

The Omega-3 Index is a measure of the amount of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), the two primary omega-3 fatty acids, in red blood cell membranes. It is expressed as a percentage of total fatty acids in the blood.

The Omega-3 Index is considered a useful biomarker for assessing an individual's omega-3 status and is associated with cardiovascular health and overall well-being. Research suggests that maintaining a higher Omega-3 Index may be beneficial for heart health, reducing the risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes.

Typically, a higher Omega-3 Index, particularly a value above 8%, is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Conversely, a lower Omega-3 Index, particularly below 4%, may indicate an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

To determine your Omega-3 Index, a blood sample is collected and analyzed to measure the levels of EPA and DHA in red blood cell membranes. The results are then expressed as a percentage of total fatty acids.

FISH OIL OMEGA3 Supplement (EPA: 1200mg, DHA: 900mg)–> Daily two softgels
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Source: Dr. Nehls


Astaxanthin is a red pigment and potent antioxidant that belongs to a group of chemicals called carotenoids. It is naturally found in various aquatic organisms, including algae, salmon, trout, krill, shrimp, and lobster. The primary source for its commercial production is the microalgae *Haematococcus pluvialis*.

Health Benefits

Astaxanthin is known for its numerous potential health benefits, which include:

  1. Antioxidant Properties: It is one of the most powerful antioxidants, helping to reduce oxidative stress and inflammation in the body.
  2. Eye Health: Astaxanthin may support eye health by protecting against damage from UV light and reducing the risk of eye diseases.
  3. Skin Health: It can improve skin elasticity and hydration, protect against sun damage, and reduce wrinkles.
  4. Brain Health: Astaxanthin may improve cognitive function and support brain health by crossing the blood-brain barrier and reducing inflammation.
  5. Heart Health: It can help lower cholesterol levels and improve overall cardiovascular health.

Sources and Dosage

You can obtain astaxanthin from dietary sources such as wild-caught salmon, krill, algae, red trout, lobster, crab, shrimp, and crawfish. It is also available as a supplement, typically in capsule form. The recommended dosage ranges from 4 to 8 milligrams per day, but higher doses have been studied for specific health benefits.

Safety and Side Effects

Astaxanthin is generally safe when consumed in recommended amounts from food sources or supplements. Some mild side effects reported with high doses include increased skin pigmentation, altered hormone levels, and gastrointestinal issues. It is advisable to consult a healthcare provider before starting any new supplement, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or on medication.

Storage and Disposal

Store astaxanthin supplements in a cool, dry place, and keep them out of reach of children. Follow disposal instructions on the packaging or consult a pharmacist for safe disposal methods.

For more detailed information, you can refer to sources like Verywell Health, Wikipedia, and Dr. Axe.

LIPOSOMAL ASTRAXANTHIN (24mg)–> Daily one softgel
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Strophanthin, also known as ouabain, is a cardiac glycoside derived from the seeds of the *Strophanthus* plant, native to Africa. It has been traditionally used for treating heart conditions, particularly in Germany, for several decades.

Uses and Benefits

Strophanthin is primarily used to treat heart failure and angina pectoris. It works by improving the metabolism of the heart muscle and reducing the buildup of lactic acid, which can lead to heart attacks. Notably, strophanthin taken orally does not increase the strength of the heart's contraction (positive inotropy) as it does when administered intravenously, making it safer for long-term use.

Safety and Side Effects

While effective, strophanthin can be toxic if not used correctly. Potential side effects include nausea, vomiting, and heart rhythm disturbances. It is crucial to use strophanthin under medical supervision to avoid these risks. In the United States, it is not commonly used but can be specially ordered from pharmacies.

Historical and Recent Research

Historically, strophanthin has been a subject of interest since the 1970s. Dr. Kern, a German doctor, proposed that heart attacks were due to metabolic acidosis rather than coronary artery disease, suggesting that strophanthin could neutralize lactic acid buildup in the heart. Recent studies have supported this theory, indicating that oral strophanthin can effectively prevent heart attacks without causing adverse effects associated with intravenous administration.

Strophanthin remains a promising treatment for heart disease, especially in Germany, where it is used by many doctors. For further information and specific dosage guidelines, consulting with a healthcare professional is recommended.

Source: Wikipedia​​ FAIM​​ World Research Foundation

Strophanthin (3mg)
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en/health/supplements.txt · Last modified: 2024/06/20 09:39 by bullar